Bamboo plantations have been raised in Sargodha, Mandi Bhaudin, Kasur, Lahore, Khusab and Jhang areas of Punjab province. Most of the plantations have been raised under agro-forestry system on private farms. I have also seen Bamboo plants on my way to Burewala.
Bamboo growing areas in Pakistan
Here is a list of 16 bamboo species that are found in the country,
1: Dendrocalamus strictus
Dendrocalamus strictus also known as Male Bamboo, Solid Bamboo or Calcutta Bamboo is a tropical and subtropical clumping species native to Southeast Asia. This bamboo is extensively used as a raw material in paper mills and has edible shoots.
2: Dendrocalamus giganteus
Dendrocalamus giganteus also known as Giant Bamboo or Dragon Bamboo is a giant tropical and subtropical clumping species native to Myanmar (Burma), Bhutan, China and Thailand. It is considered the tallest bamboo in the world.
3: Dendrocalamus hamiltonii
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii, or Hamilton’s bamboo, is a species of bamboo, 12–15 cm in diameter and growing up to 15–18 m in height, found in South Asian countries such as, India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, and far eastern China.
4: Dendrocalamus longispathus
Dendrocalamus longispathus, the long-sheath bamboo, is a bamboo species which grows up to 20 m tall. It is native to Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Thailand. It has now become an exotic species all over the South Asia.
It is use in making handicrafts, thatching, basket making, kites, chicks for doors, house posts and mat making, floats for timber and rafts, edible shoots.
5: Melocanna bambusoides
It is tall, small-culmed bamboo with greenish young culms and straw-colored old culms. It grows in clumps composed of many well-spaced culms. It has a dense appearance due to its branching habit.
6: Arundinaria falcata
Arundinaria falcata occurs in the undergrowth in forests of White Oak, firs and mixed trees in more or less shady places usually on northern slopes or in ravines. The stems are used for making mats, baskets and the stems of pipes.
7: Bambusa arundinacea
Bambusa bambos, the giant thorny bamboo, Indian thorny bamboo, spiny bamboo, or thorny bamboo, is a species of clumping bamboo native to southern Asia.
It is a tall, bright-green colored spiny bamboo species, which grows in thickets consisting of a large number of heavily branched, closely growing culms. It reaches a height of 10–35 m and grows naturally in the forests of the dry zones.
8: Bambusa tulda
B. tulda is used extensively by the paper pulpindustry in India. It can grow to a height of 15 m and a thickness of 8 cm. It is commonly found in southeastern Asia
9: Bambusa polymorpha
Bambusa polymorpha, or Burmese bamboo, is a species of clumping bamboo native to Bangladesh, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Java, Cuba, Puerto Rico, and Ecuador.
10: Bambusa vulgaris
Bambusa vulgaris forms moderately loose clumps and has no thorns. It has lemon-yellow culms (stems) with green stripes and dark green leaves.
11: Bambusa nutans
Bambusa nutans is a tropical plant found in Southeast Asia that grows up to 6-15 m tall. It is a graceful bamboo that can be used as an ornamental. The shoots of this species are cooked. The culm has various uses, mainly as poles.
12: Phyllostachys aurea
Phyllostachys aurea is a species of bamboo, and is of the ‘running bamboo’ type, belonging to the diverse Bambuseae tribe. It is native to Fujian and Zhejiang in China. It is commonly known by the names fishpole bamboo, golden bamboo, monk’s belly bamboo, and fairyland bamboo.
13: Phyllostachys pubescens
Phyllostachys edulis, the moso bamboo, or tortoise-shell bamboo, or mao zhu, is a temperate species of giant timber bamboo native to China and Taiwan and naturalised elsewhere, including Japan where it is widely distributed south of Hokkaido. The edulis part of the Latin name refers to its edible shoots.
14: Phyllostachys aureosulcata
Phyllostachys aureosulcata, the yellow groove bamboo, is a species of bamboo native to the Zhejiang Province of China. It is a running bamboo with a distinctive yellow stripe in the culm groove that is often grown as an ornamental.
15: Bambusa bambos
16: B. multiplex
B. multiplex forms a medium sized clump with slender culms (stems) and dense foliage. This bamboo is suitable for hedges and live fences since the stems and foliage form a dense growth that create an effective barrier.
Do You Know?
It is said that the bamboo plant reflects the strength, determination and courage of the Asian people. Its much exalted qualities are resilience, versatility, durability and usefulness.