1. In most countries of the world, corn is called maize.
2. The word maize derives from the Spanish form of the indigenous Taíno word for the plant, mahiz. It means “sacred mother,” or “giver of life.” And corn is an American English word.
3. Corn is a cereal grain which was first domesticated by indigenous people in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago.
4. The ear or cob is part of the flower, while the individual kernel is a seed or fruit.
5. The average ear has 800 kernels in 16 rows.
6. Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world.
7. Corns have many types like Sweet corn, popcorn, flour corn, Dent corn, Flint corn, and pod corn.
8. The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn.
9. Sugar-rich varieties called sweet corn are usually grown for human consumption as kernels, while field corn varieties are used for animal feed.
10. Maize is also used in making ethanol and other biofuels.
11. Most historians believe maize was domesticated in the Tehuacán Valley of Mexico.
12. The maize can be produced in many colors including blackish, blue-gray, purple, green, red, white and yellow.
13. While yellow maizes derive their color from lutein and zeaxanthin, in red-colored maizes, the kernel coloration is due to anthocyaninsand phlobaphenes.
14. There are thousands of hybrids, but most fall into six general types, which are dent, flint, pod, popcorn, flour, and sweet corn.
15. The world record for tallest stalk is over 33 feet.
16. Sweet corn, or sugar corn, is a special, low-starch variety with higher sugar content, at 18% of the dry weight. Most of the sugar is sucrose.
17. One medium bag (112 grams) of popcorn provides approximately 16 grams of fiber.
Health benefits of corn
18. Prevents Anemia
Corn is rich is in Vitamin B12, Iron (2.71mg), Folic Acid, and Vitamin B6 which helps in the production of red blood cells in the body. It helps in reducing the risk of Anaemia, by supplying enough of the nutrients required to produce fresh Red blood cells.
19. May Reduce The Risk Of Cancer
Choosing corn in your diet can lead to better gut health and help lower your chances of getting diseases like cancer, heart disease, and type 2 diabetes.
Corns are also a good source of phenolic flavonoid antioxidants and ferulic acid. Ferulic acid plays a crucial part in stopping cancers.
20. Helpful in controlling Diabetes
Corns have a compound called polyphenols, it is considered protective against type-2 Diabetes.
21. A good source of fiber
The fiber in corn helps you stay full for longer between meals. It also feeds healthy bacteria in your digestive tract, which may help protect against colon cancer.
Popcorn may also help prevent diverticulitis, a condition that causes pouches in the walls of your colon. In a large study, men who ate more popcorn had a lower risk of getting diverticular disease.
22. Good for your eyes
Yellow corn is a good source of the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin, which are good for eye health and help prevent the lens damage that leads to cataracts.
Corn is rich in vitamin C, an antioxidant that helps protect your cells from damage and wards off diseases like cancer and heart disease.
23. It is gluten-free
Many people are gluten-intolerant and sweetcorn is naturally gluten free. People suffering from celiac disease are allergic to the protein known as gluten in wheat, barley, and oats.
24. Eat corn if you are underweight and a good source of carbohydrates
If you are skinny and trying to increase weight, Try including corn in your diet. Because corn contains high amounts of carbohydrates and ar enrich in vitamins and minerals.
Refined corn oil is mainly composed of linoleic acid, a polyunsaturated fatty acid, while monounsaturated and saturated fats make up the rest.
25. Prevent Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive disease that affects memory. Corn is a good source of thiamin (Vitamin B1) and thiamin plays a vital role in the maintenance of brain function.
It also helps synthesize acetylcholine, which in turn helps in improving memory. The suggested daily quantity of thiamin is 1.2 mg for males and 1.1 mg for females above the age of 18. Yellow corn contains 0.3mg of thiamin per 100g.
26. A good source of Manganese
Manganese is a mineral that is found in various foods including legumes, nuts, whole grains, seeds, and green vegetables. Corns are incredibly rich in manganese and contains about 127mg in per 100g. Make your diet manganese-rich by eating corn.
27. Helps in controlling Hemorrhoids
It is assumed that a person should get at least 25 to 30 grams of fiber per day. Corns are one of the best sources of fiber. Eat corns and stay hydrated.
28. For healthy Hairs
Corn oil improves the blood circulation in the scalp and it helps to get stronger hairs. Corn also contains multivitamins, but most importantly Vitamin C.
29. A good source of minerals and improve immunity
Corns are loaded with essential minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and zinc. Your body needs these minerals daily for better function.
30. It is low in LDL Cholesterol
It is a lesser known fact that corn oil decreased LDL cholesterol by 11% compared to just 3.5% for extra virgin oil.
Researchers have discovered that corn oil helps to lower LDL cholesterol 3 times more than olive oil.
31. It is high in protein
Corn is a decent source of protein. The most abundant proteins in corn are known as zeins, accounting for 44–79% of the total protein content. Corn contains 9.4g of protein per 100g and corn provides other benefits as well so eat corn and make yourself healthy.
32. Helps in Pregnancy
Corn is rich in folic acid along with other vitamins and minerals which is important for the prevention of birth defects in babies. It is a rich source of dietary fiber, and helps in relieving constipation.
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